SIMULATION Presentation Transcript:
It is basically the role play to learn the problem solving behavior .it is as old as human being is on the earth. Not only human being even animal also use this to train their young ones to adjust to environment. But its use in teaching is comparatively very recent.
Example-pilots are given all types of experience of actual flying in office room on maps or on models prepared to acquiring the trainees with strategy of war fair
It is basis of sensitivity training, sociodrama, role playing, & psychodrama. It is not actual teaching. It is assumed that through role perception the psychological appreciation of class room problem will grow & develop in student teacher a basis for handling the problem in class
An attempt to give appearance or to give the effect of something else."
“It is imitation of operation of a real world process or system over time.”
“Act of imitating the behavior of some situation or some process by means of something suitably analogues.”
5.“Role playing in which process of teaching is displayed artificially &an effort is made to practice some important skills of communication through this technique. Pupil teacher & student simulate the role of particular person or actual life situation. The whole programmed become a training in role perception & role playing.”
To help the students to practice decision making & problem solving skills in controlled & safe setting.
Students have a chance to apply principles & theories they have learned & to see how & when these principles work.
By means of active involvement in simulation exercise, games, role playing the student achieve cognitive, affective & psychomotor skills.
Mirror like situation while providing control over external variable .
Provide a mix of experience that can be replicated over successive learner.
Provide a safe environment in which learning has priority over patient care or system demands.
Provide immediate feedback on performance
8. Steps of procedure-
Selecting the role player - a small group of 4 or 5 pupil teacher is selected. They are assigned different letters in an alphabetical order. Role assignments are rotated within the group to give chance to everyone. Every member of the group gets an chance to be actor or observer.
9.Selecting & discussing skills - skills to be practiced are discussed &the topic fit in skills is suggested. One topic each is selected by group member for exercise.
Planning - it has to decided that who will start the conversation, who will top the interaction .
10.Deciding the procedure of evaluation - how to record the interaction & how to present it to actor has to be decided sothat a proper feedback on his performance can be given.
Provided practical lesson - role player should be provided reinforcement on their performance. Give them training for playing their part well.
11.Activities in simulation
12.Activities in simulation
Role play - actual or false role is performed in an artificial environment. This may give the pupil an understanding of a situation or relationship among real life participants of a social process. He will gain some perception of action, attitude & insight of person or situation.
13.Socio drama – it seeks to utilize role playing as a means of find out the solution to a problem situation assigned to role players. This problem may be false or based upon real life situation & the actor is required to find out an acceptable solution of the situations .
14.Game - situation involve outcomes affected by decision made by one or more decisions. It designs in a manner which enables chances to affect the outcome.
15.Types of simulation
Audio visual simulation